- PARADOXICAL VOCAL FOLD MOVEMENT (PVFM ) or VOCAL CORD DYSFUNCTION (VCD)
Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD) means that your vocal cords do not act normally. With VCD, instead of your vocal cords opening up when you breathe in and out, your vocal cords close. This closing of your vocal cords makes it harder to get air into or out of your lungs.
- Feeling short of breath or feeling that it is hard to get air into or out of your lungs.
- A feeling of tightness in the throat or chest. Frequent cough or clearing your throat.
- A feeling of choking or suffocation.
- Noisy breathing (wheezing or raspy sound/stridor).
- Hoarse voice.
An attack of VCD can be sudden and may be severe. Without treatment, a severe attack may require emergency room treatment. Even if an attack is severe, the oxygen level in your blood is usually normal.
Cure and how to take care of the person:
Treatment for VCD typically involves activities that relax the throat muscles including:
- Speech therapy
- Deep breathing techniques
VCD is different than many other breathing problems because medicines are not the main treatment to control or prevent VCD.
- The main treatment for VCD is speech therapy techniques that help you learn to control your vocal cords.
- Strong emotions and stress can trigger VCD, so it is important to learn to manage your stress.
- Relaxation techniques, biofeedback, and psychotherapy have been shown to be helpful in controlling VCD.
- If you have asthma and VCD, it is important that your asthma is under good control.
- If your VCD is triggered by post-nasal drip or acid reflux , it is important to talk to your healthcare provider about what you can do to control these.
Adele, the powerhouse singer, underwent throat surgery in November 2011, after experiencing a hemorrhaged vocal cord.
Sam Smith, the singer, announced in May 2015 that he would have to undergo surgery for damaged vocal cords.